Maurice Marinot Perfume Bottle Maurice Marinot Perfume Bottle Maurice Marinot Perfume Bottle Maurice Marinot Perfume Bottle
A Glass Bottle and Stopper, No. 489

By Maurice Marinot, circa 1925

The clear glass internally decorated with turquoise and aubergine, deeply etched with an abstract stylised pattern, with etched signature Marinot, with the original inventory paper label numbered 489

5 ½ in (14 cm) high

Baron Robert Philippe de Rothschild

This bottle and stopper will be included in the forthcoming catalogue raisonné on Maurice Marinot by Mr Félix Marcilhac
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Trained as a painter, Marinot turned his attention to the medium of glass in 1911 when he experienced a dramatic artistic epiphany while visiting the glassworks of his school friends, the Viard brothers. Marinot was immediately fascinated by the character of molten glass and began to design models that he then enamelled himself, applying his training as a painter to this new medium. Working in the Viard studios, he became ever more closely engaged with the intrinsic qualities of glass itself and was soon working at the furnace, and becoming bolder in his approach. He started to experiment with the imperfections he found in glass, exploiting to artistic ends the random bubbles, for example, that would normally have caused a piece to be rejected.

From 1922 he abandoned surface decoration to concentrate exclusively on the potential of the vitreous mass. He trapped colours between thick layers of glass, mastered the control of flights of air-bubbles, and etched deep into the surface with acid to achieve an effect of rough-hewn ice. The vessels that bear his signature - vases and most frequently flacons with tiny stoppers - were entirely his own creations, from the design and chemical research to the furnace and finishing stages. An idea might take up to a year of experiment and effort before he was satisfied with the eventual result. Each survivor of his challenging procedures was unique.

By the time of the Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes of 1925, Marinot had won international recognition for his innovative approach to the medium. His work was characterised by his focus on the capture and expression of the inherent magic and phenomena of the glass itself, rather than superficial decoration. He had many followers, including individuals such as André Thuret and major commercial firms like Daum which adapted certain of his ideas and effects. Poor health and the closure in 1937 of the Viard glassworks marked the end of his work with glass. In 1944 his atelier was bombed and many works were destroyed. His influence on the story of studio glass has been considerable. André Derain commented respectfully: 'I have never seen anything as beautiful which was at the same time so precious and so simple.'

Baron Robert Philippe de Rothschild (1880-1946), father of Elie de Rothschild and grandfather of Nelly and Elisabeth de Rothschild, was a partner in de Rothschild Frères with his cousin, Baron Edouard Alphonse de Rothschild. He and his family lived at Chateau de Laversine, near Chantilly, and at the family mansion at 23 avenue de Marigny near the Elysée Palace in Paris.